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Acute Mountain Sickness


ACUTE MOUNTAIN SICKNESS (AMS)
CAUSE PREVENTION SYMPTOMS TREATMENT

Rapid ascent to high altitudes (2,400 meters or 8,000 feet).

Acclimatization.

Staged and/or graded ascent.

During stops, no strenuous activity and only mild activity with frequent rest periods.

Increased carbohydrate intake (whole grains, vegetables, peas and beans, potatoes, fruits, honey, and refined sugar).

Acetazolamide prescribed by a physician.

Headache and fatigue.

Insomnia, irritability, and depression.

Coughing and shortness of breath.

Loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting.

Dizziness.

Swelling of the eyes and face.

Stop and rest. Symptoms will normally subside in 3-7 days if victim does not continue to ascend.

Observe for the development of HAPE or HACE.

If symptoms do not disappear, a rapid descent of 150 to 300 meters (500 to 1,000 feet) or greater is necessary.

Re-ascent should take place only after symptoms are resolved.

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